Documentation of memory

( foonathan/memory)

CMake options for configuring the library

When installing the library, each build type (-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=XXX) allows a separate configuration. The configuration doesn't affect your targets, you can link to any configuration (your compiler might complain though, if you link your debug target to a library compiled in release mode or vice-versa).

The build types Debug, RelWithDebInfo and Release provide pre-defined values for the debugging options, those cannot be overridden.

You can create as many build types as you want.


There are the following variables available to configure it:

  • FOONATHAN_HAS_*: specifies compatibility options, that is, whether a certain C++ feature is available under your compiler. They are automatically detected by CMake, so there is usually no need to change them.
  • FOONATHAN_MEMORY_BUILD_EXAMPLES/_TESTS: whether or not to build examples or tests. If this is OFF their CMake scripts are not even included. It is ON for standalone builds and OFF if used in add_subdirectory().
  • FOONATHAN_MEMORY_BUILD_TOOLS: whether or not build the tools. Unlike the other two options, this is always ON.
  • FOONATHAN_MEMORY_EXTERN_TEMPLATE: If active the library provides already the definition of common instantiations of its class templates. This can speed up compilation time of user code since the compiler does not need to generate the definition each time the class instantiation is used (this compilation time is done when compiling the library and the size of the library binary increases). Default is ON.
  • FOONATHAN_MEMORY_DEFAULT_ALLOCATOR: The default allocator used by the higher level allocator classes. One of the low level allocators (see foonathan::memory::default_allocator). Default is heap_allocator.
  • FOONATHAN_MEMORY_THREAD_SAFE_REFERENCE: Whether or not the allocator_reference is thread safe by default. Default is ON.
  • FOONATHAN_MEMORY_MEMORY_RESOURCE and FOONATHAN_MEMORY_MEMORY_RESOURCE_HEADER: Specifye th memory resource class used. The first one is the full name including namespace, the second one the header (including "..." or <...> that needs to be included for it. Default is foonathan_comp::memory_resource and "foonathan/memory_resource.hpp" to use the version of foonathan/compatibility.
  • FOONATHAN_MEMORY_TEMPORARY_STACK_MODE: The temporary_allocator uses a temporary_stack for its allocation. This option controls how and if a global, per-thread instance of it is managed. If 2 it is automatically managed and created on-demand, if 1 you need explicit lifetime control through the temporary_stack_initializer class and if 0 there is no stack created automatically. Mode 2 has a slight runtime overhead.
  • FOONATHAN_MEMORY_DEBUG_*: Specifies debugging options such as pointer check in deallocate() or filling newly allocated memory with values. They are set automatically for certain build types and cannot be overriden: All of them are enabled in Debug builds, the faster ones in RelWithDebInfo and none in Release. See debugging for a detailed description.

A list of all options with description is generated by calling cmake -LH.

Variables and targets

The following variables or targets are available if used with add_subdirectory():

  • FOONATHAN_MEMORY_INCLUDE_DIR (variable): The include directory for the header files.
  • FOONATHAN_MEMORY_VERSION[_MAJOR/MINOR] (variable): Major and minor version of the library.
  • foonathan_memory (target): The target of the library you can link to.
  • foonathan_memory_example_* (target): The targets for the examples. Only available if FOONATHAN_MEMORY_BUILD_EXAMPLES is ON.
  • foonathan_memory_test (target): The test target. Only available if FOONATHAN_MEMORY_BUILD_TESTS is ON.
  • foonathan_memory_profiling (target): The profiling target. Only available if FOONATHAN_MEMORY_BUILD_TESTS is ON.
  • foonathan_memory_node_size_debugger (target): The target that generates the container node size information. Only available if FOONATHAN_MEMORY_BUILD_TOOLS is ON.

Also every function from foonathan/compatibility is exposed.